What is the project about?
The maritime sector is rapidly increasing in the past years, as a source for further economic development and international cooperation. The Government of Albania has made progress in maintenance and infrastructure of port facilities in line with the Sector Strategy, priorities stipulated in the Government Programme, the National Transparent Plan, the National Strategy for Development and Integration and the Medium- Term Budget Plan.
Maritime transport is primarily concerned with the transport of freight and passengers by sea. The sector is associated with many other activities such as ship agency, chartering and brokering, maritime labor and education, multimodal and intermodal transport and related services.
Cooperation on various services, especially those linked with capacity building in the public sector and better coordination of planning activities is needed for preparing the ground for better marine and maritime governance and services.
This project falls under the country-specific priorities of Albania on "Development of the Maritime Sector" and will build up in two strong foundations: (i) Norwegian experience, being among the leading maritime nations in Europe and boyond, and (ii) EU technical assitance for the sector, as well as other EU regional initiatives.
The overall objective is to promote the integration of Albanian Maritime Standards in line with EU requirements, by developing and implementing maritime transport policy framework, improving capacities in the field and encouraging the development of a Maritime Cluster with relevant stakeholders.
More specifically, the project aims to:
1. Improve the public governance of the maritime sector.
2. Raise institutional capacity and competence to implement policies, standards and regulations.
3. Increase efforts on coordination and competitiveness between four ports and promoting the development of a maritime cluster in Albania with the relevant stakeholders.
4. Improve environmental standards and emergency response capabilities in the maritime sector.
The main identified target groups at national and local level are, MIE (Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy), The General Maritime Directorate (GMD), Port authorities (PA) in Albania, The Albanian Coast Guard, The Ministry of Tourism and Environment, and Private sector.
1. Strengthened policy, legal and regulatory framework in place to support the Government of Albania in maritime sector development; - A sound maritime regulatory framework in accordance to the international maritime practice and EC regulations will ensure the development of standards in compliance with EU and International obligations;
2. Institutional capacity to harmonise standards and regulations through training and twinning programmes; - An exchange mechanism between Albanian Maritime Administration (AMA) with the Norwegian Maritime Authority will provide for building and strengthening institutional capacity.
3. Strengthened financial sustainability for the General Maritime Directorate(GMD); - Enable the environment to support the GMD financial sustainability from viable income generating schema accompanied by a business plan.
4. Feedback provided by stakeholders and insights related to maritime sector to further elaborate the role for Maritime Cluster and Potential that Albania has to develop one; - Assessment of the potential to develop a Maritime Cluster in Albania considering the following: (i) Specialization and perspectives, (ii) Gaps in existing national legislation, (iii) Promotion to research, development and innovation providing guidelines to develop at least one maritime cluster (Aquamarine, Tourism, Fishery or Transport).
5. Capacity building of regional and national institution and other stakeholders (including business, younger, NGOs are improved);
6. Piloting maritime solutions and raising public awareness regarding impact on environment and need for response;- Assessment on integrated solutions for prevention and management of marine litter in line with the ecosystem approach of the Barcelona Convention and ICZM.
1. Baseline assessment report finalized and discussed with the GMD and MIE:
(i) A baseline assessment and analysis of GMD functioning developed;
(ii) Expert group meetings to further clarify data on the activities, finances and legal basis of GMD conducted;
(iii) Consolidation of GMD Financial Analysis Model accomplished (a Sensitive Analysis Model based on DCF (Discounted Cash Flow) is developed in order to create financial basics for GMD transition to a self-funded entity;
(iv) Study Tour in Montenegro conducted to closely share experiences on regional model of Maritime Authority;
2. A sound institutional framework providing best practices and viable options on financial sustainability developed:
(i) A detailed gap analyses report on 32 Directives, Council Decisions and EC Regulations. 22 legal acts are being drafted in order to fully implement the above EU legislation.
(ii)Draft Law on GMD Amendment finalized where more in details: (a) A SWOT analysis of GMD proposed law in order to build sustainability is prepared, (b) The amendment of the existing law to pave the way to add new functions to GMD and gradual change of GMD based on success of new tariff system collection is finalized;
3. Study Analysis (SA) on the potential of developing Maritime Cluster in Albania is drafted:
The study Analysis is expected to be finalized by December '19, considering the following: (i) Specialization and perspectives, (ii) Gaps in existing natinal legislation, (iii) Promotion on research, development and innovation, (iv) The guidelines to establish at least one maritime cluster in Albania
4. A permanent database on economic facts and figures with the perspective of maritime cluster and the role in the future is in progress where: (i) Report describing the nature of activities around maritime cluster concept and priority areas is developed, and (ii) A database on economic facts and figures is established.