Findings of a survey "Gender and Corruption in Civil Service"presented in TiranaDec 12, 2014
Minister of State for Local Affairs and Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth, with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) organised a round table discussion that brought together, government officials, civil society and international partners on the issue of gender equality and corruption, and the linkages between these two. As an EU candidate country, and signatory of numerous international human rights conventions, Albania has committed itself to promote the equal opportunities for men and women, including advancement in civil service as well as to combat corruption.
During the discussion forum, the organizers launched the Survey: Gender and corruption in Albanian civil service. The same survey was conducted in Kosovo, Kazakhstan and Ukraine, in addition to Albania. Over 38% of Albanian civil servants believe that corruption is prevalent or very prevalent in the civil service with men more than women being aware of corruption incidence. Similar to Kosovo, favouritism, nepotism and patronage seem to be the most common corrupt practices whereas in Kazakhstan and Ukraine bribery and abuse of power are the first listed. Only 11% admit they have witnessed corruption but 23% of participants refused to answer to this particular question. More men than women have been asked to engage in corrupt practices. Many participants explain this difference with the traditional roles and responsibilities, higher moral stigmatization of women, and stronger social and political networks and support among men. Most of those civil servants that have witnessed corruption do not report it, primarily because it is difficult to prove, they lack trust in respective authorities or fear retaliation.
Women more often than men, see gender inequalities manifested within the civil service. They are 3 times more sensitive towards gender inequalities in the access to all sectors and hierarchical levels than men result to be. Women are twice more sensitive towards unfair share of workload in terms of working hours and similarly in regards to differences in the promotion processes. However, the largest gender gap in opinions is on the inequalities related to participation and involvement in policy- and decision-making processes (22% women vs. 6% men report this kind of gender inequalities) as well as in the opportunities to grow professionally through international events and exchanges (20% women vs. 4% men report for gender inequalities in these aspects).
The discussions of Deputy Minister of Social Welfare and Youth, Ms. Bardhylka Kospiri, of Chief of Cabinet to the Minister of Local Affairs, Ms. Eridana Cano and of Public Administration Department Director, Ms. Albana Kociu reaffirmed determination of the Government to combat corruption, promote gender equality as well as transparency and professionalism in recruitment, career advancement and retention in Albanian civil service. UNDP Country Director, Ms. Yesim Oruc Kaya said that progress in gender equality and balanced participation of women and men in all levels of decision-making in civil service correlates positively to reduced corruption, therefore she encouraged participants to view investment in gender equality as an important and cost-effective complement to other government efforts to combatting corruption.
This event and the survey was a collaborative effort of UNDP Global Anti-Corruption Initiative (GAIN) based in New York, UNDP Regional Hub for Europe and the CIS based in Istanbul, and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Albania, in the framework of the Gender Equality Programme, funded by Government of Sweden.
The survey included civil servants from Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Urban Development and Tourism.