Albania presents its Human Development Report 2016:FunctionalityJul 15, 2016
The 2016 National Human Development Report was presented in Tirana. Traditionally, this report addresses relevant issues of public interest which are scrutinized from a human development lens. The theme of this year's report is "Functionality".
Albania has noted significant progress with regard to the economic development and its overall performance is considered a success story among countries in transition. The country is now is passing from the phase of creating a democracy and a market economy to that of consolidating them.
The theme of this Report is broken down into several dimensions, which are considered fundamental to the development of the country: democracy and rule of law, economic development, social progress, countryside and European integration.
Regardless of its progress in democracy, Albania has still not been able to find solutions for many of the major challenges it faces, especially related to corruption, judiciary or governance. The report aims to explain the reason why the post-communist transition in Albania is still lingering.
Albania has managed to develop economically from a low-income country to middle and high-income country, but this economic progress has not been accompanied by the same level of human progress and has not been distributed equally. Moreover, it has not led to the expected increase of employment.
Mrs Cihan Sultanoglu, Director of the Regional Bureau for Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States at UNDP present at the event, highlighted: “Democracy is only too vibrant in Albania: political parties and rotational power, constitutional institutions, free media and civil society all have a voice. The report poses some very important questions about the cohesion, coherence and rationality of Albania's democracy and its institutions”.
The Human Development Report has become a useful tool for policy-makers in Albania because of the political, economic and social analyses it presents. This time, the report introduces a novelty. The drafting process of the report was accompanied by a campaign in social media. Thematic discussions were held in the official UNDP Albania's Facebook page. The opinions gathered illustrated the experts’ analysis and are widely articulated throughout the report.
The report has calculated the new human development index rates at national and prefecture levels. The prefectures of Tirana, Durrës, Fier and Vlora have the highest rates of human development, whereas the prefectures of Kukës and Korça, appear to have the lowest rates of human development. Regarding the Gender Development Index rates, the prefectures of Gjirokastra and Elbasan have higher rates of gender development in Albania, meanwhile Durrës and Kukës account for the lowest gender index in the country.
This is Albania's eighth in the series of Human Development Reports. The first report was published in 1995. A prominent independent group of experts was engaged in drafting this report, also supported by a large network of institutions and collaborators.