Educating boys and girls since early ages for equal attitudes towards men and women-is key

Mar 23, 2016

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Study shows that efforts should be intensified to educate boys and girls since early ages for equal attitudes towards men and women

TIRANA – The findings of the study:  “Public perceptions and attitudes toward gender equality in Albania”, were presented today in Tirana during a forum which brought together government officials, civil society organizations, and international partners.

The study examines public perceptions of gender equality in Albania. Drawing on 450 interviews conducted in the four regions of the country – mountainous, coastal, central, and Tirana regions – the study sheds light on the following aspects: the division of household chores; the division of responsibilities for childcare; perceptions and attitudes towards the role of women and men in the family; employment and income; money management; career-family balance; and recommended areas of intervention to increase the participation of women and girls in the labor market, and the contribution of men and boys in the house.

Over 80 percent of the respondents – reported that it is usually women who do the laundry and iron clothes; clean the house; cook; and wash dishes. Women and men have different perceptions about their contributions within the family. Men are more likely than women to say that housework are equally divided between them and women.Women reported spending more 4.66 hours on household chores a day comparing to men 2.71.

Around 50 percent of respondents reported that they take care of their children with their spouse/partner. However, there is a sharp gender division. Women were more likely than men to report that they take care of their children and do not get any support from their husbands.

The study reveals that there is less agreement with traditional gender role in better-off families. The higher the level of family income, the lower the level of agreement with the statement “it is better for the whole family if the husband has a job and the wife takes care of the family.” Similarly, the higher the level of family income, the lower the level of agreement with the statement “a good wife should obey to her husband, preserving family peace and well-being.”

The Women Caucus Chair Ms. Mesila Doda emphasized that: “WE can only be successful when all of us, men and women work together”.
 
In his speech, UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative Brian Williams said:" Change will require joint effort – a movement really - from multiple institutions including parliaments and municipal councils, journalists and high society leaders, imams and priests, professors and labor leaders, but the time is now. As my own (Canadian) Prime Minister recently put it “there’s still much work to be done" to achieve gender quality.   “It’s a massive mountain to climb. But we are determined to make significant steps towards that,” he said. “For anyone who says there isn’t much more to do, just tell them to ask any women they know.”

Ms. Birgitta Jansson Counsellor, Head of Development Cooperation, Sweden Embassy , present at the event highlighted:”  Both from a general donors’ perspective and from the perspective of the country I am representing, it is important to explain why it is urgent to invest in gender equality and most importantly why it is crucial for Albania to advance the gender equality agenda. The study to be presented here today will provide enough arguments and evidence to why it is important to focus on gender equality, where to focus and what target groups to prioritise.

This study was developed with the support from UNDP in the framework of the Gender Equality Programme, supported financially by the Swedish Government.