UNDP helps social and economic inclusion in Albania through supporting policies and implementation measures designed to avoid exclusion by helping to remove barriers that stand in the way of people realizing their full capabilities. Group specific implementation measures (e.g. policy responses and action plans) are of critical importance for Roma and Egyptian communities as well as Persons with Disabilities, in no small part due to EU accession related commitments. In order to address the risks that hinder realization of personal, social and economic potential of all individuals UNDP supports national policies and institutions to increase women’s participation and economic opportunities, improve their access to justice mechanisms, mainstream gender into legislation and development policies and eradicate gender based violence.
Poverty rate is around 12% (2008) however Roma and Egyptians in Albania live at higher risk of poverty due to a long-standing social exclusion. Poverty in these communities is estimated to be four times higher than national average. People with disabilities, women victims of gender based violence and other vulnerable groups face multiple barriers reinforcing the imperative for equitable growth and inclusive development. In the frame of the National Strategy for Development and Integration and particularly supporting the sectoral and cross-secoral strategies of employment, business and investment development, social inclusion and social protection the focus of UNDP work is and will continue to be in the following areas:
- Active labour market measures targeting youth employment as well as supporting youth entrepreneurship through public private partnerships
- Assisting local authorities and equipping vulnerable groups with the relevant vocational and training skills, particularly looking into rural employment and skills needs;
- Promotion of corporate social responsibility in the private sector;
- Support to SMEs with non-financial services to increase their productivity and competitiveness.
- Support Roma and Egyptian communities to engage in participatory local planning, improve their living conditions, access rights and public services and services.
- Policy support and institutional strengthening for central and local authorities to respond to the needs of vulnerable Roma and Egyptian communities
- Support government and civil society partners in the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
- Assist public authorities, civil society organisations, the media and citizens at large in order to improve national capacities on gender issues as well as to increase public demand for human rights and gender equality.
- Combating gender-based and domestic violence by supporting policies, capacities, data collection and services at national and local level.
UNDP supported labor market interventions in the form of active labor market measures through public private partnerships for youth employment thus tackling the labor exclusion of low skilled and vulnerable youth as well as other socially excluded groups.