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Roma and Egyptian communities are both the poorest and most marginalized ethnic groups in Albania. According to a needs assessment study initiated by UNDP, 77.7% of Roma and 84.1% of Egyptian families are very poor.
UNDP in partnership with the Government of Albania and the civil society, seeks to assist Albania with complying with the Convention of Rights of People with Disabilities requirements and moving forward towards the social inclusion of persons with disabilities. More specifically, UNDP has been providing support to ensure that:
In recent years Albania has improved the status of women and promoted gender equality. However, the country still faces many challenges in terms of fully displaying and utilising the women’s potential in the labour market and economy, increasing participation in decision-making and eradicating the widespread violence against women, particularly in the family realm.
Roma and Egyptians are facing a level of poverty estimated three times higher than that of the other parts of population in Albania, due to long-standing social exclusion.
Different population groups experience different and overlapping vulnerabilities or face different barriers, as result of the diverse nature of the socio-economic and political forces that determine social exclusion.
Youth unemployment, under-employment and informality impose heavy costs on the Albanian economy and society. Long unemployment spells early in life and extended employment in the informal economy affect the prospects of youth to secure a career job, a decent wage and a future for them and their families.
”Delivering as One” programme approved by the Government of Albania in October 2007, identifies civil society strengthening as an integral part of the work of UN organizations in the country. Moreover, the Common Country Programme Document (CCPD) for Albania 2012-2016 highlights the importance of strengthening the engagement of civil society with the state, to ensure government accountability and transparency, as well as to raise awareness and advocate for the promotion of human rights and access to justice.
Albania has been described as the last secret of Europe. Almost unknown internationally, its rich and diverse cultural heritage could constitute the core of a new development paradigm.
The project “Support to Social Inclusion in Albania” aims to assist in the effective elaboration and implementation of the Government of Albania's new Strategy for Social Inclusion and Social Protection. It supports the Albanian Government to prepare an extended dialogue with social partners in the country and the European Commission.
The implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption requires the proper gathering and analysis of data and information on de jure and de facto compliance gaps, and related technical assistance needs.
UNDP Albania has since 2002 worked closely with the Government of Albania to support the country’s transition to an Information Society through ICT development, thus playing a pivotal role in enabling the government to succeed in a variety of initiatives.
Free and fair elections represent another opportunity for Albania to demonstrate its commitment to democratic practices and values, and an important step for Albania’s further integration into the European Union.
As Albania strives for its integration into European Union, it has invested over the past years to strengthen its ability to make strategic plans, coordinate its resource mobilization and delivery efforts across Government institutions.
The impact of climate change is seen in: rising sea levels, changing ecosystems in lagoons, increased frequency and intensity of floods, introduction of alien and invasive species from warmer regions, and a decrease in some marine and coastal populations of fish and invertebrates.
Unexploded ordnance (UXO) and explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination remain a widespread problem in Albania. Among the causes of such contamination are explosions at Ammunition Storage Sites (ASS) across the country during the civil unrest in 1997, unexploded remains of the WW II as well as former army ammunition demolition areas which need to be cleared of explosive remnants.
The Drini-Mati River Deltas (DMRD) coastline and lowlands are approximately 25km long between the headlands of Shëngjini and Cape Rodonit. These two deltas form a contiguous wetland area of global significance. They comprise a suite of integrated habitats, including beaches, lagoons and saltmarshes, with high environmental and economic values
The initial idea of the project came from the National Energy Strategy and the previous climate change studies such as the Albania’s First National Communication and Technology Needs Assessment, which do promote and recommend Solar Water Heating (SWH) as one of the promising technologies to reduce electricity and fuel wood consumption with a significant contribution towards greenhouse gas emission reduction
Albania has ratified both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol with the status of a Non-Annex 1 Party.
Since Albania embarked in a process of real decentralization of power and local governance, around two decades ago, progress has been made in several aspects regarding the transfer of various competencies and assets to decentralised government bodies and building their governance capacities for managing their tasks, shared functions as well as promoting increased participation in decision-making.
Regional development gained Government attention mostly from 2006 onward.However, some attempts were marked in this regard in previous years. In 2006 and 2007 the Government made a significant step in introducing a Crosscutting Strategy for Regional Development (CSRD) as part of the Government’s overall National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI).
The Government of Albania is committed to undertake a comprehensive administrative and territorial reform ahead of the local elections scheduled for mid-2015. The relatively high number and small size of most local government units in a country with a relatively small area coupled with concerns of efficiency and quality of service provision has increasingly been considered as a serious obstacle to local governance and development.