Roma and Egyptian communities are both the poorest and most marginalized ethnic groups in Albania. According to a needs assessment study initiated by UNDP, 77.7% of Roma and 84.1% of Egyptian families are very poor.
UNDP in partnership with the Government of Albania and the civil society, seeks to assist Albania with complying with the Convention of Rights of People with Disabilities requirements and moving forward towards the social inclusion of persons with disabilities. More specifically, UNDP has been providing support to ensure that:
In recent years Albania has improved the status of women and promoted gender equality. However, the country still faces many challenges in terms of fully displaying and utilising the women’s potential in the labour market and economy, increasing participation in decision-making and eradicating the widespread violence against women, particularly in the family realm.
”Delivering as One” programme approved by the Government of Albania in October 2007, identifies civil society strengthening as an integral part of the work of UN organizations in the country. Moreover, the Common Country Programme Document (CCPD) for Albania 2012-2016 highlights the importance of strengthening the engagement of civil society with the state, to ensure government accountability and transparency, as well as to raise awareness and advocate for the promotion of human rights and access to justice.
The project “Support to Social Inclusion in Albania” aims to assist in the effective elaboration and implementation of the Government of Albania's new Strategy for Social Inclusion and Social Protection. It supports the Albanian Government to prepare an extended dialogue with social partners in the country and the European Commission.
Roma and Egyptian communities are among the poorest, most marginalized and socially excluded groups in Albania. Studies show that the level of poverty among Roma is twice as high as the majority population.
Regional Local Democracy Programme (ReLOaD) is a regional initiative financed by European Union and implemented by UNDP is six Western Balkans countries, namely: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo* , the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.
“Leave No One Behind (LNB)” is a four-year Joint UN programme that aims to empower the vulnerable persons in Albania to have equal access to public services and opportunities, to have a voice in public decision-making affecting their lives, and to hold the duty bearers accountable.
Free and fair elections represent another opportunity for Albania to demonstrate its commitment to democratic practices and values, and an important step for Albania’s further integration into the European Union.
As Albania strives for its integration into European Union, it has invested over the past years to strengthen its ability to make strategic plans, coordinate its resource mobilization and delivery efforts across Government institutions.
On 21 June 2015, Albania is holding local elections which represent a critical test for Albania’s democracy. These elections come immediately following significant reform of Albania’s territorial-administrative structure.
Since Albania embarked in a process of real decentralization of power and local governance, around two decades ago, progress has been made in several aspects regarding the transfer of various competencies and assets to decentralised government bodies and building their governance capacities for managing their tasks, shared functions as well as promoting increased participation in decision-making.
The Government of Albania is committed to undertake a comprehensive administrative and territorial reform ahead of the local elections scheduled for mid-2015. The relatively high number and small size of most local government units in a country with a relatively small area coupled with concerns of efficiency and quality of service provision has increasingly been considered as a serious obstacle to local governance and development.
Regional development gained Government attention mostly from 2006 onward.However, some attempts were marked in this regard in previous years. In 2006 and 2007 the Government made a significant step in introducing a Crosscutting Strategy for Regional Development (CSRD) as part of the Government’s overall National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI).
The Government of Albania is striving to fundamentally change the way public services are provided in Albania through a variety of interventions under a citizen-centric approach, which combat corruption, foster a customer-care culture, enhance access, as well as increase efficiency in the Albanian public administration.
On January 31, 2015, continuous rainfall began and lasted for about a week, causing an unprecedented rise of water levels in the southwest part of the country. Floods affected especially areas along the streams of the Vjosa, Drino, Osumi and Gjanica rivers with the most serious situation observed in Vlora and Fieri districts in South Albania.
The Government of Albania since September 2013 started implementation of an administrative and territorial reform aiming the reorganization of local governments units. On July, 31 2014, the Parliament approved the law 115/2014 “On the territorial and administrative division of local government units in the Republic of Albania” reducing the number of LGUs from 384 to 61 municipalities.
The impact of climate change is seen in: rising sea levels, changing ecosystems in lagoons, increased frequency and intensity of floods, introduction of alien and invasive species from warmer regions, and a decrease in some marine and coastal populations of fish and invertebrates.
Unexploded ordnance (UXO) and explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination remain a widespread problem in Albania. Among the causes of such contamination are explosions at Ammunition Storage Sites (ASS) across the country during the civil unrest in 1997, unexploded remains of the WW II as well as former army ammunition demolition areas which need to be cleared of explosive remnants.
The Drini-Mati River Deltas (DMRD) coastline and lowlands are approximately 25km long between the headlands of Shëngjini and Cape Rodonit. These two deltas form a contiguous wetland area of global significance. They comprise a suite of integrated habitats, including beaches, lagoons and saltmarshes, with high environmental and economic values
The initial idea of the project came from the National Energy Strategy and the previous climate change studies such as the Albania’s First National Communication and Technology Needs Assessment, which do promote and recommend Solar Water Heating (SWH) as one of the promising technologies to reduce electricity and fuel wood consumption with a significant contribution towards greenhouse gas emission reduction
This project is designed to strengthen capacity for environmental monitoring and information management in Albania by establishing an operational environmental information management and monitoring system EIMMS.
Youth unemployment, under-employment and informality impose heavy costs on the Albanian economy and society. Long unemployment spells early in life and extended employment in the informal economy affect the prospects of youth to secure a career job, a decent wage and a future for them and their families.
Whereas the overall unemployment rate in Albania stands at 17.3%, youth fare considerably worse in the labour market with as many as 34.1% of those actively seeking employment being unable to find one.
Different population groups experience different and overlapping vulnerabilities or face different barriers, as result of the diverse nature of the socio-economic and political forces that determine social exclusion.