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Third National Communication of Albania to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
What is the project about?
Albania has ratified both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol with the status of a Non-Annex 1 Party. In the International Climate Change talks Albania has associated with European Union positions and within the restrictions of being a Non Annex I party committed to implement ‘National Appropriate Mitigation Actions’-NAMAs. Albania’s contribution to the global greenhouse gas emissions is relatively low, estimated at an average of 9,4 million ton/year of CO2 eqv. This is because over 95 percent of Albania’s electricity is produced from hydro sources and high energy intensity industries are no longer operating. Transportation (mobile sources) followed by agriculture and waste sector are the main categories that are found to have significant contribution to the total greenhouse gas emissions for Albania. If no measures to reduce greenhouse (GHG) emissions are taken, the GHG emissions for Albania will increase in the years to come.
While carrying little responsibility for global greenhouse gas emissions, Albania is bearing the majority of the environmental, social and economic consequences caused from climate change. Albania will be highly affected by climate change, at the same rate as the rest of the world with increased temperatures, less precipitation and rising sea levels. Climate change will affect water resources, energy production, tourism, ecosystems, agriculture and coastal zone. If this is not properly considered and addressed it will undermine the country’s development and poverty eradication progress.
UNDP and GEF support Albania in a range of climate change mitigation and adaptation measures including through a combination of capacity building and strengthening work, as well as concrete and practical hands-on projects. Further on UNDP support contributes meeting the EU requirements through implementation of the UNFCCC.
Albania has just started the Third National Communication to UNFCCC (TNC) with UNDP and GEF support comprising:
• Update the annual Albanian Inventory of Anthropogenic GHG to the period 2000-2005, focusing on the sectors/gases that have a significant share of greenhouse gas emissions such as the transport and industry sectors;
• Develop the climate change scenarios, assess the climate related risks and adaptation with focus on biodiversity, water resources, agriculture, forestry, population and health for the entire coastal region;
• Develop a national low carbon development strategy using the state-of-the-art greenhouse gases mitigation modeling frameworks;
• Strengthen institutional capacity for implementing the Convention in Albania, including activities related to climate change education and awareness.
The process of preparation of the National Communications is not only been considered as a tool for reporting to the UNFCCC but also for mainstreaming climate change into national planning process and programming through mobilization of new resources.
What have we accomplished so far?
Albania self-assessment exercise is conducted based on a highly participatory process with a wide range of stakeholders under the guidance of the MEFWA. It identified methodology, gaps, constraints/limitations, accuracy, transparency of the Second National Communication, as well as institutional capacity, planning horizons and lessons learned. This process is key to development of TNC
• TNC inception workshop wrapped up on April 05, 2013, following the whole range of consultations organized during the inception phase
• Three experts groups that will work closely with other stakeholders are established
• Identification of a list of possible NAMAs (National Appropriate Mitigation Actions) as well as climate change mainstreaming into other sectors in the environment cross-cutting strategy 2013-2020
• Development of two selected top-priority NAMAs: (i) On the implementation of the National Action Plan on Energy Efficiency in the sectors of households and service, and (ii) fuel switch in the cement sector-use of non-hazardous
• Complilation of the GHG emissions inventory for the period 2000 – 2009 for the following sectors: energy & transport, agriculture, land use change and forestry, industrial processes, and waste
• Capacity building/hands on training of national experts of line ministries and others interested on (i) mitigation analysis and related policies and (ii) vulnerability analysis and adaptation policies
• Climate change scenarios and related indicators for coastal zone of Albania up to 2100 (temperature, precipitation, sea level, etc.)
• Assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation measures for the following sectors: (i) water resources, (ii) biodiversity, (iii) agriculture and (iv) tourism and population.
Who finances it?
Amount contributed USD
Total delivery USD
- Project duration
- September 2012 - March 2016
- Geographic coverage
- 1, 7
- Programme Officer
- Elvita Kabashi
- Project Manager
- Mirela Kamberi
- Ministry of Environment; Ministry of Energy and Industry; Ministry of European Integration; Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure; Ministry of Agriculture, Rural Development and Water; Ministry of Education and Sport; Ministry for Urban Development and Tourism; Ministry of Interior; Ministry of Health; Institute of Statistics; Institute of Geosciences, Energy, Water and Environment; Local Governments; NGOs interested in the field of environment