Identification and Implementation of Adaptation Response Measures in the Drini - Mati River Deltas

What is the project about?

Climate change impact in Adriatic sea. Tree on Adriatic shore
Climate change impact in Lezhe. (Credit: UNDP Albania)

The Drini-Mati River Deltas (DMRD) coastline and lowlands are approximately 25km long between the headlands of Shëngjini and Cape Rodonit. These two deltas form a contiguous wetland area of global significance. They comprise a suite of integrated habitats, including beaches, lagoons and saltmarshes, with high environmental and economic values. Short-term loss of these habitats is taking place due to changes in sedimentary processes caused by human alternations along the inland river courses and at the coast. Currently erosion rates vary 2-4 m/year. Extreme events such as heavy rain, floods and droughts are already causing habitat loss and fragmentation. According to the climate change scenarios it is expected an increase in temperature up to 3.6°C, decrease in precipitation by 12.5% and consequent reduction of water resources and arable land, meanwhile in the next two decades a mean increase of temperature by 0.2°C per decade is expected. (Technical synthesis report, UNDP 2013)

The target coastal region is subject to many anthropogenic pressures that are compound with anticipated impacts of climate change. As such, urbanisation and illegal construction is one of the critical threats hampering ability of the ecosystem to adapt.

DMRD has been prioritized by the government as an ecological system highly vulnerable to climate change where adaptation response measures need to be implemented.

The project takes ecosystem based approach to coastal adaptation that is to protect ecosystems and their critical functions of coastal buffering and sea water filtering that will in turn protect the coastal populations and infrastructure.

UNDP and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) support Ministry of Environment, Forest and Water Administration (MEFWA,) Lezha Regional Council, and other stakeholders (17 central and local institutions) to address the climate change and adaptation in development plans and programs at local and national levels, aimed at increased resilience of ecosystems and local livelihood. This includes:

  • Developing and increasing the capacities to monitor and respond to anticipated climate change impacts in the DMRD at the institutional and community levels;
  • Integrating the climate change risks in DMRD region’s conservation and development programmes, plans and policies;
  • Implementing coastal adaptation measures in the local pilot area;
  • Developing the capacity for replication of lessons learned and upscale of best practices in other vulnerable areas in Albania.

What have we accomplished so far?

Community members planting grass in Vain protected area, Lezhe.
Community members planting grass in Vain protected area, Lezhe. (Credit: UNDP Albania)
  • Throughout a highly participatory process risks are evaluated and a series of adaptation measures to reduce the coastal erosion, lagoons’ eutrophication and the sea level rise are developed;  
  • Three communes Shengjin, Fushe Kuqe and Shenkoll have prepared adaptation plans and some priority measures have been integrated into the Concept of Regional Development 2010-2015 by the Lezha Regional Council;
  • Eleven adaptation measures prioritized through a cost benefit analysis are turned into project fiches by Lezha Regional Council specialists subject to fundraising at local and central level. Further training is provided on European Union funding mechanisms;
  • A National Policy Paper on Climate Change Adaptation, outlining 7 policy interventions for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into strategic planning is informing formulation of environment cross cutting strategy 2013-2014;
  • The Management Plan of Kune-Vain Protected Area has integrated climate change adaptation;
  • A set of climate change indicators are now part of the National Environment Monitoring Program ensuring systematic monitoring and observation of ecosystem response to climate change as well as effectiveness of adaptation measures;
  • Early warning system for climate extreme events is operational in the Lezha prefecture.
  • In-site implementation of adaptation measures-ecosystem restoration through dune planting with ‘Ammophilia arenaria’ to showcase reduction of coastal erosion in Vain is carried out.

Who finances it?



Year

Donors

Amount contributed  USD

2008

GEF

140.000

2009

GEF

295.000

2010

GEF/ UNDP/ Albanian Government

335.900

2011

GEF/ UNDP/ Albanian Government

306.260

2012

GEF/ UNDP/ Albanian Government

261.200

Delivery

Year

Total delivery

2012

 $ 217.250

2011

 $ 269.888

2010

 $ 278.076

2009

  $ 196.042

2008

$ 6.885

Project Overview
Status
Active
Project duration
May 2008 - December 2013
Geographic coverage
Nationwide
MDG
1,7
Programme Officer
Elvita Kabashi
Project Manager
Eglantina Bruci
Partners
Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration; Regional Council of Lezha; Ministry of Public Works and Transportation; Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Protection; Ministry of Education and Sciences; Ministry of Tourism, Culture, Youth and Sports; Ministry of Interior; Institute of Geosciences, Energy, Water and Environment; Institute of Statistics; Local Government; NGOs interested in the field of environment
Publications
Project Synthesis Report

This publication presents a synthesis of technical studies conducted as part of the Me­dium Size Project (MSP)1 “Identification and Implementation of Adaptation Response Measures in the Drini – Mati River Deltas (DMRD)”

Climate Change Adaptation - Policy Paper

The Policy Strategies are based on consultation across government ministries and the important work undertaken during the, ‘Identi­fication and implementation of the adaptation response measures in the Drini- Mati River deltas’ project - a pilot initiative successfully implemented in Albania