6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where are we?

Woman police on duty

Successes, challenges and policy responses

 The greatest success has been in setting up much of the needed policy, legal and regulatory frameworks, combined with action on some of the key education related targets. Awareness of the issues has been expanding throughout government and society. Government institutions and mechanisms for planning and reporting on gender equality and the fight against violence on women have been put in place over the past several years.

 It has been a concern that a fall-off in trade might adversely affect those industries that employ low-paid and low-skilled workers, especially women (footwear and textiles). These risks remain due to the continuing financial and economic uncertainties in the region, especially in terms of trade with Greece and Italy. Further, due to economic constraints and job losses in Greece in 2010, there may be a considerable return of low-skilled and low paid migrants to primarily the rural areas of Albania in the short and medium term. This could result in families coming under increased stress while still trying to access limited social protection and social services. These very same social services and social protection may feel the impact of the economic crisis due to possible reductions in the national budget.

A third major challenge is continued administrative capacity constraints across government (financial and human resources, skills, data and supporting systems). Insufficient budgets are allocated to gender and domestic violence issues, with external aid covering much of the work. The planning and reporting mechanisms remain insufficient or, in some cases, absent. Internal and external coordination mechanisms across the many levels of government remain weak, especially between the central and local levels dealing with implementation of legal frameworks, particularly around the laws on Gender Equality and on eradication of Domestic Violence. Should the government experience budget shortfalls, this may also adversely impact the implementation of gender policies and laws. It is significant to note that a pilot project within the framework of the One UN Programme was recently initiated to provide training on gender budgeting to government officials at the central and local levels.

Future policy responses by government focus on better measuring and targeting women and men’s needs for social protection and employment assistance, on strengthening key coordination mechanisms and harmonized and improved monitoring on gender and on domestic violence, and on improved budgetary allocation to combat domestic violence and provide the needed services and monitoring under the above legal frameworks and National Strategy for Gender Equality and against Domestic Violence (NSGE-DV).

UNDP's work in Albania

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament