OUR FOCUS

Gender Equality

In-depth

Gender based and domestic violence

Key issues
A Domestic Violence National prevalence population-based survey, conducted respectively in 2007 and 2013 and administrative records of reported and convicted cases reveal that the prevalence of domestic violence is high and increasing. Data show that GBV prevalence has increased from 56% in 2007 to 59.4% in 2013.  More than half of Albanian women (aged 15-49) have experienced at least one form of domestic violence in their lifetime. Rural women, those with little or no education and married women are most affected by the phenomenon.
Violence is rooted deeply in the patriarchal traditions and customs as well as in unequal status of women and men in society.
UNDP works with relevant state institutions to effectively prevent and address violence in society in legal and evidence-based policy development; ensure multi-disciplinary services to gender based and domestic violence survivors. UNDP also works to build partnership between men and boys in breaking mind-sets and joining efforts to end Gender Based and Domestic violence.


Key achievements

In partnership with a variety of partners from the government, civil society and international organizations, UNDP has helped review the policy and legislation for a protective legal and social environment for gender based and domestic violence survivors.

In the area of law enforcement and relief services through community coordination, UNDP helped establish the  community coordinated response mechanisms at local government level and  worked to strengthen capacities of law enforcement state and non-state institutions to effectively prevent, identify, report and address gender based and domestic violence cases through  multi-disciplinary and inclusive approaches.

UNDP continues to raise awareness and advocate for changing societal attitudes through the involvement of men, boys women and girls in the fight against domestic and gender based violence.

 

Women's Economic Empowerment

 

Key issues

Labor market participation in Albania is among the lowest in the region. Women’s participation is significantly lower at 54.7% compared to 74.4% for men.

In the economic field, there is occupational and sectoral segregation between men and women whereby women constitute only 9% of labour force in the lucrative and influential sectors of the market economy, still commanded by men.

Women earn only 57% of male average income. While young women face similar challenges as men when they graduate from secondary or tertiary school to enter the labour market, they are further burdened by gendered expectations that they attend to family and child care first.

Key achievements

Addressing low participation rates of women in labor market is a priority for UNDP. This is done through programs that encourage participation of  young and adult women in  entrepreneurial activities in priority sectors of the economy.
UNDP is supporting initiatives that aim to improve the economic situation of women in the rural and semi-rural areas of the country which generate self-employment opportunities for particularly poor, marginalized and vulnerable women, particularly women, heads of households.
Along with such initiatives, UNDP is reaching out to vulnerable women and girls and relevant state and non-state actors through literacy program on women property rights, labor and marital rights.  

Labor market participation in Albania is among the lowest in the region. Women’s participation is significantly lower at 54.7% compared to 74.4% for men.

In the economic field, there is occupational and sectoral segregation between men and women whereby women constitute only 9% of labour force in the lucrative and influential sectors of the market economy, still commanded by men.

Women earn only 57% of male average income. While young women face similar challenges as men when they graduate from secondary or tertiary school to enter the labour market, they are further burdened by gendered expectations that they attend to family and child care first.

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